The awareness of how important nature is on the mental and spiritual balance of the individual, is as old as the world itself and has been developed in all continents through philosophy, culture, religion and science.
In the modern science of the soul, top psychoanalysts have reported the influence of nature on human psychology in their writings, such as Fromm and Jung. In particular, the German Erich Fromm, in his work “The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness” (1973) introduces the term “Biophilia” describing it as “passionate love of life and what is alive”. The term was later used by the american biologist Edward O. Wilson in his book “Biophilia” (1984), in which he suggested that peoples’ tendency to focus and relate to nature and other forms of life has, in part, a genetic basis. There is a suspicion that the increasing dependency of human species on technology has led to the weakening of human movement towards the connection with nature.